2023-2024 / CHIM0739-2

Physical chemistry, Thermodynamics


20h Th, 20h Pr, 15h Mon. WS

Number of credits

 Bachelor in geology4 crédits 


Loïc Quinton

Language(s) of instruction

French language

Organisation and examination

Teaching in the first semester, review in January


Schedule online

Units courses prerequisite and corequisite

Prerequisite or corequisite units are presented within each program

Learning unit contents

1. Classical Thermodynamics, including te microscopic description
First Principle: Internal Energy, Work, Heat, State Function, Equilibrium and Thermodynamic Reversibility, Enthalpy
Second and Third Principles
Free Energy and Free Enthalpy.
The chemical potential
  2. Changes in the state of pure substances
Conditions of equilibrium between phases
Phase equilibria and phase diagrams: solid-liquid transition, liquid-vapor transition, Trouton's rule and Clapeyron's diagram, solid-vapor transition, solid-solid transition (allotropy)
The phase rule: variance
  3. State changes of mixtures
Thermodynamics of gas mixtures
Thermodynamics of liquid mixtures: chemical potential of liquids, Raoult's law, Henry's law, chemical activities of solvent and solute
Colligative properties: ebullioscopic elevation, lowering of melting point, osmosis and osmotic pressure.
Coefficient of partition
Vapor pressure of ideal binary solutions
Thermodynamic quantities of real binary solutions
Vapor pressure of a real binary solution
4. Diagram of free enthlapie and phase diagrams of binary systems
Stability of solutions
Liquid-vapor, liquid-solid binary systems
5. Diagram of the phases of ternary systems
6. Chemical equilibria

Learning outcomes of the learning unit

This course of scond year deepens the subjects seen in the 1st year course of General Chemistry  and opens to more conceptual subjects.
It covers the following subjects:
Thermodynamics: introduction of concepts and quantities
Change of state of pure and mixed substances.
Phase diagram of simple, binary and ternary systems.

Prerequisite knowledge and skills

Good knowledge of general chemistry (fisrt year)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Mode of delivery (face to face, distance learning, hybrid learning)

Thermodynamic part: classroom teaching
20h of theory, 20h of sessions of exercice and 15h of laboratory

Recommended or required readings

Chimie générale Partim II, , Loïc Quinton
reference book: Physical Chemistry, P. Atkins,
Lectures notes progressively desposited on eCampus

The final evaluation concerns all the parts of the course (theory, problems, laboratory)
The successful completion of the course will be awarded to any student with a minimum overall score of 10,00 / 20.

Work placement(s)

Organisational remarks and main changes to the course


Enseignants :
Prof. Loïc Quinton, loic.quinton@uliege.be Laboratory of Mass Spectrometry  MolSys Research Unit Allée du six Aout 11 - Quartier Agora - Liège Université B4000 -Liège 1 - Belgium Tel +0032 4 366 3679 
Assistants :
Wendy Muller, wmuller@student.uliege.be
Vincent Natalis, vincent.natalis@uliege.be 

Association of one or more MOOCs