2017-2018 / LROM0126-1

Francophone African literature


30h Th

Number of credits

 Master in French and Romance languages and literatures : French as a foreign language (120 ECTS)5 crédits 
 Master in modern languages and literatures : German, Dutch and English (120 ECTS)5 crédits 
 Master in modern languages and literatures : general (120 ECTS)5 crédits 
 Master in French and Romance languages and literatures : general (120 ECTS)5 crédits 


Anicet Bassilua Nzuzi

Language(s) of instruction

French language

Organisation and examination

Teaching in the second semester

Units courses prerequisite and corequisite

Prerequisite or corequisite units are presented within each program

Learning unit contents

This course has been designed as an introduction to the literary strategies specific to writers from sub-Saharan Africa, writing in French. It assumes an interest in the literary work as and of itself and a good basic understanding of French literature.
The course consists of a general presentation of the historical, sociological and cultural conditions which have enabled the emergence of a body of French literature in the sub-Saharan African countries from the first third of the 20th century (first part).
It includes a study of the components of the founding movement of Negritude through the choice of poems of three of its principal authors: Léopold Sédar Senghor, Léon Gondron Damas and Aimé Césaire (second part).
Finally, it will address the evolution of literary strategies of writers since the time of Negritude, to the post-colonial or post-modern era from a few representative books.
The 2015-2016 course will address the following questions in particular:

  • Emerging African literature - Négritude and Francophony;
  • The works of Léopold Sédar Senghor, Aimé Césaire and Léon Damas;
  • An outline of the sociolinguistic situations in black Africa and the Francophony of the South;
  • French in contact; the oral tradition and written literature;

Learning outcomes of the learning unit

The aim of the course is to initiate participants in the literary expression of African cultures (and more broadly from the South) in the French language and in the sociological processes that govern the forms of legitimation of a type of literature in the position of postcolonial-type cultural domination.

Prerequisite knowledge and skills

To make the most of this course, students must have a good general knowledge of the history of 20th century French literature. Class attendance is compulsory.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

In-depth reading of the poems of Léopold Sédar Senghor. Reading and report on a novel (according to list)

Mode of delivery (face-to-face ; distance-learning)

Second four-month period (starting on 15th February 2016)

Recommended or required readings


Assessment methods and criteria

The oral assessment concerns all the material covered in class. The written piece of work, which students must submit before the end of the course, is part of the overall assessment and goes towards the final grade.

Work placement(s)

Organizational remarks

A special section on African literature is available in the Department of Romance Languages and Literature library.