2023-2024 / LROM0190-1

Principles of the grammar of modern French


30h Th

Number of credits

 Master in multilingual communication (120 ECTS)5 crédits 
 Master in multilingual communication (120 ECTS) (Digital media education)5 crédits 
 Master in French and Romance languages and literatures : French as a foreign language (120 ECTS)5 crédits 


Jean-Marc Defays

Language(s) of instruction

French language

Organisation and examination

Teaching in the first semester, review in January


Schedule online

Units courses prerequisite and corequisite

Prerequisite or corequisite units are presented within each program

Learning unit contents

This course is devoted to a critical examination of school grammar and more particulary of the way it deals with the structure of the sentence, its components and the use and variation of the words. Those concepts and theories will systematically be examined in the light of the practical reality of language use.

In the second part of the course, we will discuss the principles of grammar, more particulary the nature -vs-function principle that underlies it and we will see its functioning can be figured out and analyzed.

Learning outcomes of the learning unit

Course objectives:
To enable students to
a) improve their mastery of the French language (linguistic knowledge)
b) better understand the functioning of the French language (metalinguistic knowledge)
c) improve their ability to grasp, use and evaluate different descriptions and explanations which grammars give concerning the French language (scientific and critical know-how)
d) become more aware of the functioning of the language, and make better use of procedures for discovering the language's rules, and explaining certain difficulties attached to it (pedagogical know-how).

Prerequisite knowledge and skills

Good knowledge of the French language (B2, preferably C1) and its basic grammar are necessary. A formative test wil be organized during the term.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

This course is an "oral" course, which involves:

  • the interactions between the teacher and the students, and between the students during the course, go beyond memorizing syllabus and reading books for final evaluation;
  • the active presence in the course in order to benefit from and participate in these exchanges is therefore essential ;
  • that the professor will develop the course based on student reactions or any other circumstances that he will consider significant during the course, so that the details of the final evaluation cannot be determined at the beginning.
Except in exceptional cases duly examined, there is no provision for an alternative programme or exemption from this course.

Mode of delivery (face to face, distance learning, hybrid learning)

Face-to-face course

Additional information:

First quadrimester, Tuesdays, from 5:00 to 7:00 pm, room A4/S100, from September 19th.

Recommended or required readings

Jean-Marc DEFAYS, Défense et illustration de la syntaxe, EME Éditions, 2023.

Written (open questions or MCQ) and/or oral exam.

Work placement(s)

Organisational remarks and main changes to the course


Jean-Marc DEFAYS, chargé de cours Institut Supérieur des Langues Vivantes Université de Liège (L3) Rue de Pitteurs, 18 B-4020 Liège Email : jmdefays@uliege.be Tél. : ++ 32 (0)4 366 55 20 Fax : ++ 32 (0)4 366 58 55
Contact : Sylvie ROMANCIDE Email : sromancide@uliege.be Tél. : ++ 32 (0)4 366 55 17

Association of one or more MOOCs