2021-2022 / SPOL2321-1

International Relations of the European Union


30h Th

Nombre de crédits

 Master en sciences politiques, orientation générale, à finalité5 crédits 
 Master en sciences politiques, orientation générale, à finalité (CATANE (OUT))5 crédits 
 Master en sciences politiques, orientation générale, à finalité (CATANE (IN)), 1re année5 crédits 
 Master en sciences politiques, orientation générale5 crédits 
 Cours supplémentaires destinés aux étudiants d'échange - Erasmus (Faculté de Droit, de Sciences politique et de Criminologie)5 crédits 


Sébastian Santander

Langue(s) de l'unité d'enseignement

Langue anglaise

Organisation et évaluation

Enseignement au premier quadrimestre, examen en janvier


Horaire en ligne

Unités d'enseignement prérequises et corequises

Les unités prérequises ou corequises sont présentées au sein de chaque programme

Contenus de l'unité d'enseignement

  The COURSE IS GIVEN IN ENGLISH! The course attempts to study the European Union as an international actor. The course attempts to unscramble the decision-making process in the field of foreign policy. The latter will be apprehended through a comprehensive approach. In order to reach this goal, the course will analyse the external policies of the European Union (CFSP/CSDP trade, cooperation policies,...). It also aims to analyse the relations of the EU with the Western Balkans (enlargement), with its neighborhood (Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean), with multilateral organisations (WTO), regional groups and third countries from the Americas, Africa and Asia. The course will also handle the relations between the EU and the emerging countries. It will also pay particular attention to the relations between the EU and Latin America. The course will handle several questions such as: Who are de decision-makers ? In what conditions are decisions made ? Are decisions always rational ? What is the relative weight of lobbying/external pressures ? Who controls the process ? What are the international consenquencies of external policies? What is the real influence of the EU in International Affairs? The course will also analyze the nature of the actor, represented by the European Union, through different theories.

Acquis d'apprentissage (objectifs d'apprentissage) de l'unité d'enseignement

The course aims at promoting a better understanding of decision-making processes in the field of foreign policy apprehended in a comprehensive way and in relation with the European Union (EU).

Savoirs et compétences prérequis

The course "International Relations of the European Union" requires both the active and passive knowledge of ENGLISH!
Furthermore, it is preferable, but not required, that students have completed a course of International Relations similar to the following one "Regionalism in World Politics" (SPOL0925-1).

Activités d'apprentissage prévues et méthodes d'enseignement

The course is an Ex Cathedra one. It will encourage students to participate. It will also try to develop students critical thinking skills.

Mode d'enseignement (présentiel, à distance, hybride)

The planned learning activities and the teaching methods are the following:
1. There will be several Ex Cathedra lectures:  students are warmly invited to participate.
2. In order to better understand the material taught in class, students will have read a couple of papers before the weekly lecture.
3. There will be a couple of guest lecturers who will make interventions on target issues.
4. If any opportunity arises, there will be a one-day visit of the EU institutions.

The students may also have to follow a couple of conferences (inside or outside the university) related to topics tackled during the course.
The presence of the students is needed!

Lectures recommandées ou obligatoires et notes de cours

The course is based both on notes prepared by the responsible of the course and on the following required reading list (the total amount of reading pages is about just 240). You can find the reading list at the University Press (Syllabus: Sebastian Santander, International Relations of the European union, Liège, Presses universitaires de Liège, 2019)
- Andrew Gamble, "The EU and the Evolving Shift of Power in Global Governance" in  M. Telò and F. Ponjaert, Ashgate, The EU's Foreign Policy. What Kind of Power and Diplomatic Action?, England, Ashgate, 2013, pp. 15-26;
- Sebastian Santander, "The EU and the shifts of power in the international order: challenges and responses", European Foreign Affairs Review, vol 19, issue 1, 2014, pp. 65-81;
- John O'Brennan, "On the Slow Train to Nowhere?' The European Union, 'Enlargement Fatigue' and the Western Balkans", European Foreign Affairs Review, 19, 2, pp. 221-242;
- Filippo Celata, Raffaella Coletti and Enrica Polizzi, "The European Neighbourhood Policy, Region- Building and Bordering", in F. Celata, R. Coletti (eds.), Neighbourhood Policy and the Construction of the European External Borders, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 2015, pp. 45-102.
- Ole Elgström, "Negotiating a new world order. The EU and multilateral diplomacy at times of change" in Michael Smith, Stephan Keukeleire and Sophie Vanhoonacker, The Diplomatic System of the European Union, Abingdon, Routledge, 2016, pp.77-93;
- Sebastian Santander and Antonios Vlassis, "EU in global affairs: constrained ambition in an unpredictable world?", 2019.
- Mary Farrell, "From Lomé to Economic Partnership Agreements in Africa", in Frederik Söderbaum and Patrik Stalgren, The European Union and the Global South, London, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2010, pp. 65-88.
- Sebastian Santander and Frederik Ponjaert, "The EU and its far-abroad" in Mario Telò, The European Union and Global Governance,  Abingdon, Routledge, 2009, pp. 283-307;
- Sebastian Santander, "The European Partnership with Mercosur: a Relationship Based on Strategic and Neo-liberal Principles", Journal of European Integration, volume 27, issue 3, 2005, pp. 285-306;
- Sebastian Santander, "The Atlantic Triangle in the era of China's rising power in Latin America", in Mario Telò, China regionalism and interregionalism and the EU, Fritz Lang, 2020.
- Tom Casier, "The EU and Russia. A marriage of convenience" in Michael Smith, Stephan Keukeleire and Sophie Vanhoonacker, The Diplomatic System of the European Union, Abingdon, Routledge, 2016, pp. 129-145;
- Sebastian Santander, "The EU and Brazil in a changing world: strategic partners or competitors?" in Michael Smith, Stephan Keukeleire and Sophie Vanhoonacker, The Diplomatic System of the European Union, Abingdon, Routledge, 2016, pp. 181-196;
You migh also download the document by clicking here https://orbi.uliege.be/handle/2268/239712   

Modalités d'évaluation et critères

Toutes sessions confondues :

- En présentiel

évaluation orale

- En distanciel

évaluation orale

- Si évaluation en "hybride"

préférence en distanciel

Explications complémentaires:

For the evaluation, the professor will consider the following elements:
- an oral examination regarding Ex Cathedra lectures both in the first and second session
- oral examination concerning the conferences given by the guest lecturers both in the first and second session
- oral examination concerning the required literature.
  Students who are required to take the exam the year the course is not given (because of repechage), must study both the compulsory readings of the course (see "Recommended or required readings") and the content of the oral course given during the previous year.
 The oral exam will take place on Lifesize.


Remarques organisationnelles

- To succeed the exam it is highly recommended to attend the classes. New issues are tackled each year during the course.

- At the end of the course, students will have a detailed plan of the course. The document will be available on MyULiege.
The course is held every odd year (2019-2020; 2021-2022...).


- Professor:
Sebastian Santander (Office: R71, level 0 - tel. 04 366 30 46) -
- Assistants:

Vincent Bricart (Office R77, level 0 - tel. 04.366.42.59, v.bricart@uliege.be)
Camille Schmitz (Office R77, level 0 - tel. 04.366.42.59)