2020-2021 / OCEA0057-7

Marine Ecology

Marine ecology

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

Marine ecology fieldtrip

Durée

Marine ecology : 15h Th
Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling : 15h Th, 15h Pr
Marine ecology fieldtrip : 6j T. t.

Nombre de crédits

 Master en océanographie, à finalité (MER - Erasmus mundus)6 crédits 

Enseignant

Marine ecology : Sylvie Gobert, Mathieu Poulicek
Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling : Marilaure Grégoire
Marine ecology fieldtrip : Sylvie Gobert, Mathieu Poulicek

Coordinateur(s)

Sylvie Gobert

Langue(s) de l'unité d'enseignement

Langue anglaise

Organisation et évaluation

Enseignement durant l'année complète, avec partiel en janvier

Horaire

Horaire en ligne

Unités d'enseignement prérequises et corequises

Les unités prérequises ou corequises sont présentées au sein de chaque programme

Contenus de l'unité d'enseignement

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

The ocean is the largest biome on the biosphere, and the place where life first evolved. Life in a viscous fluid, such as seawater, imposed particular constraints on the structure and functioning of ecosystems, impinging on all relevant aspects of ecology, including the spatial and time scales of variability, the dispersal of organisms, and the connectivity between populations and ecosystems.
The Marine Ecology is the scientific study of marine-life habitat, populations, and interactions among organisms and the surrounding environment including their abiotic and biotic features.
Marine ecology is a subset of the study of marine biology and includes observations at the biochemical, cellular, individual, and community levels as well as the study of marine ecosystems and the biosphere. The course of Marine Ecology provides an introduction to ecology focuses on specific marine ecological concept, covering interactions between marine organisms and the environment at scales of populations, communities, and ecosystems.
Outline contents


  • Introduction
  • General concepts in ecology applied to marine ecology: definitions, ecological factors, production, productivity, trophic webs, interspecific relations, competition, predation, zonation of organisms,...
  • Ecology of the some marine communities: abyssal zones, coral reefs, vents, seagrass
  • A case study: the Mediterranean Sea (this bassin is ideal to understand the basic concepts in Marine ecology (colonization, climax, invasive species...)
 

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

Le but du cours est d'apprendre à conceptualiser, paramétriser et implémenter des modèles mathématiques des processus biogéochimiques marins. On s'attachera à décrire la formulation mathématique des termes d'interactions écologiques et des taux de réactions chimiques ainsi que l'impact de l'environnement physique sur la formulation de ces termes. On décrira brièvement comment ces modèles sont paramétrisés, calibrés et validés. On étudiera leurs solutions analytique (quand c'est possible) et numérique. On décrira le comportement du système dans le plan de phase. On passera en revue les différents types de modèles et leur utilité (e.g. modèle physiologique, modèle en terme de biomasse, modèle de bilan). Le cours sera accompagné de travaux pratiques au cours desquels les étudiants apprendront à construire et à implémenter des modèles biologiques très simples comprenant deux à 3 variables d'état dans un environnement 0D ou 1D (e.g. expérience de dilution, modèle d'estuaire).

Acquis d'apprentissage (objectifs d'apprentissage) de l'unité d'enseignement

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

The course will

  • give a basic knowledge of ecological characteristics and processes in the marine environment.
  • show the importance, complexity and fragile aspects of different types of marine habitats.
The student will
  • be abble to explain the factors that determine the spatial and temporal distributions and abundance populations and communities of marine organisms in relation with biotic and abiotic factors.
  • be abble to apply ecological principles
  • be abble to work constructively both independently and collaboratively and communicate effectively about Marine Ecology (issues and ideas) using language that can be understood by the public and scientists.
  • use some methods applied in marine ecology during the field trip.
  • develop ability to collect, analyse and interpret marine ecological data.

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

The main aim of this course is to learn how to conceptualize, parameterize and implement mathematical models of marine biogeochemical and ecological processes

Marine ecology fieldtrip

Students should

  • develop testable alternative hypotheses for the causes underlying the observed patterns.
  • design and carry out appropriate empirical tests of the predictions of hypotheses to explain the observed patterns.
  • describe spatio-temporal patterns in marine populations and communities, and investigate the underlying processes producing such patterns at multiple scales.
 
Students should become independent in:
  • exploring theories and models in marine ecology;
  • identifying and describing patterns and causal processes in marine ecosystems.
  • conducting observational and experimental ecological research;

Savoirs et compétences prérequis

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

A  basic knowledge in ecology

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

Aucun. Les techniques mathématiques et numériques utilisées seront élémentaires.

Activités d'apprentissage prévues et méthodes d'enseignement

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

  • Lectures and sessions of discussion
 

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

La moitié du cours sera constituée d'exercices pratiques pour se familiariser avec l'implémentation de modèles mathématiques très simples.

Marine ecology fieldtrip

A week in the field. The student will receive a question at the beginning of the week. It will have to develop a measurement and sampling protocol to meet them.
The student will be guided throughout the week through discussions with the supervisors.

Mode d'enseignement (présentiel, à distance, hybride)

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

Courses in face-to-face in english
The attention of the student is regularly requested during tutorial classes.
Field trip at STARESO (Calvi-Corse)
Stage MASTER Oceano Bloc 1:  mai 2021



 

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

1.5 ECTS : théorie
1.5 ECTS : exercices

Adaptations organisationnelles liées au contexte sanitaire

Lectures recommandées ou obligatoires et notes de cours

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

The ppt constitute the basis of the course, they contain the essential information and not all of the oral comments given during the course.
The ppt are accessible on myUlg or given at the end of each course. The ppts, videos, articles are in English, the whole course is given in English.

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

Prévues

Modalités d'évaluation et critères

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

The evaluation is based on 2 parts:
1. An oral exam (2 questions).
The student can answer in english or in french


 

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

A written examination will be organized in January involving a theoritical  part and exercices.
For those who failed in January, another exam will be planned in August/September. 

Marine ecology fieldtrip

A dissertation of 10 minutes based on the  The presentation is graded not only on its content but also on its quality , clarity, respect of the timing.
An oral presentation, organized at the end of the field trip. The student will have to describe to the whole class in about ten minutes the activities of the week with an introduction, objectives, the results obtained, a discussion. He must also be able to take a critical look at his experimental approach.

Stage(s)

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

Field trip During the field trip (station STARESO of the University of Liège- Calvi Corsica) the concepts to a practical study of the distribution of the marine organisms in relation to biotic and abiotic factors are applied.
These approaches are made in snorkelling, in scuba diving followed by determinations under binocular, photographic documents taken by the student.  
* non obligatoire, en règle de formalité (certificat médical, brevet...)

Marine ecology fieldtrip

During the field trip (station STARESO of the University of Liège- Calvi Corsica) the concepts to a practical study of the distribution of the marine organisms in relation to biotic and abiotic factors are applied.
These approaches are made in snorkelling, in scuba diving followed by determinations under binocular, photographic documents taken by the student.
* non obligatoire, en règle de formalité (certificat médical, brevet...)

Remarques organisationnelles

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

  • Respectez les horaires de cours. 
  • Envoyer une demande par email ne signifie pas une réponse instantanée, soyez patient, vos demandes seront traitées le plus rapidement possible.
  • Seules les demandes envoyées avec votre adresse Mail-ulg seront traitées.
Les informations de cet engagement sont essentielles, merci de les lire très attentivement.

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

Aucune

Contacts

See OCEA0057-B-a and OCEA0057-A-b to have a full description.

Marine ecology

Prof Sylvie Gobert Océanologie Institut de Chimie. B6c-2/49 Tél: 04 3663329 e-mail:sylvie.gobert@uliege.be                                      
Secretariat M Lunetta: 04 366 50 62
https://www.facebook.com/oceanbioulg/ http://labos.ulg.ac.be/oceanologie/ http://www.stareso.ulg.ac.be/

Dr Mathieu Poulicek Unite d'Ecologie Marine, Laboratoire d'Ecologie animale et d'Ecotoxicologie Tél: 04 3665067 e-mail: mpoulicek@uliege.be




  • Vous pouvez vous adresser à mon secrétariat: Madame Mariella Lunetta vous recevra à son bureau (B6C, local 1/21 , Sart Tilman) le mardi de 8h30 à 10H30 et le jeudi de 13H30 à 15h00.
  • Je suis disponible pendant les cours ou directement après chaque séance pour répondre à vos questions. Merci de prendre RDV (auprès de Madame Lunetta au 04/366 50 62 ou par email: M.Lunetta@uliege.be) si vous désirez me consulter en dehors de ces horaires.
  • Vous pouvez déposer des documents écrits dans ma boite aux lettres dans le local 2/48.
Merci de respecter l'ensemble des ces consignes et horaires.

Introduction to marine ecosystems modelling

Marilaure Grégoire,
MAST research group
Department of Astrophysics, Geophysics and Oceanography (AGO)
e-mail : mgregoire@uliege.be