2020-2021 / GEOL0312-1

Process mineralogy


25h Th, 25h Labo., 15h Proj.

Nombre de crédits

 Master : ingénieur civil des mines et géologue, à finalité spécialisée en "geometallurgy (EMERALD)" (Erasmus mundus)5 crédits 
 Master : ingénieur civil des mines et géologue, à finalité5 crédits 
 Master : ingénieur civil des mines et géologue, à finalité (Co-diplomation avec l'Université polytechnique de Madrid)5 crédits 


Eric Pirard

Langue(s) de l'unité d'enseignement

Langue anglaise

Organisation et évaluation

Enseignement au premier quadrimestre, examen en janvier


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Unités d'enseignement prérequises et corequises

Les unités prérequises ou corequises sont présentées au sein de chaque programme

Contenus de l'unité d'enseignement

  • Introduction : from analytical chemistry to analytical mineralogy
  • Sampling of particulate materials
  • Particle Size and Shape Analysis
  •                Sieving, Coulter, Sedimentation, Laser Diffraction, Image Analysis,...
  •                Representation of particle size distributions (PSD)
  •                Statistics for PSD
  • Reflected Light Optical Microscopy
  •                Theory of optics and mineral surfaces
  •                Mineralogical Imaging
  •                Image processing and analysis principles
  •                Quantitative mineralogy (modal analysis, liberation analysis,...)
  • Electron beam microscopy
  • The electron microscope
  • Imaging modes (SE, BSE, ...)
  • Electron beam microanalysis and mapping
  • Automated mineralogy
  • Infrared and Raman spectroscopy for minerals
  • X Ray diffraction
  • Xray MicroCT Tomography (optional)

Acquis d'apprentissage (objectifs d'apprentissage) de l'unité d'enseignement

  • Understand qualitative and quantitative analytical mineralogy techniques essential for monitoring mineral processing operations.
  • Be able to use them appropriately and to make a sound data interpretation
  • Be able to cross-correlate the results of the different techniques for validation
  • Make use of the obtained mineralogical data to balance unit operations and identify issues related to elemental deportment in the process
  • Be able to build recovery curves and develop a geometallurgical approach in processing complex and low grade ores

Savoirs et compétences prérequis

Basic Mineralogy Course
Notions of Mineral Processing

Activités d'apprentissage prévues et méthodes d'enseignement

Lectures are delivered in a classroom allowing for spontaneous interaction between professor and students. The lessons use PPT with images of microscopic ore textures.
Every (2h) lecture is complemented by a (2h) practical session on the instruments presented during the course. The students are given real ore samples on which they have to perform a series of analyses and report in written form about their findings. Ideally the samples are those on which they work in the mineral processing course so that the analytical information gathered during these practical sessions serves for the interpretation of recoveries obtained in the mineral processing lab.
Reflected light Optical Microscopy on a variety of ore samples is organized both in the lab and with virtual acccess. Identification of ore minerals is a key competence to develop during the course.
Whenever possible scholars (expert researchers) are invited to present insights into the most advanced and innovative technologies (ex. X-Ray tomography; automated mineralogy;...).

Mode d'enseignement (présentiel, à distance, hybride)

  • Frontal instruction (2h) to explain the principles, capabilities and limitations of the techniques
  • Hands-on learning (2h) on real ore samples using a variety of techniques
  • Written report and face-to-face discussion with young researchers about results

Adaptations organisationnelles liées au contexte sanitaire

Lectures recommandées ou obligatoires et notes de cours

Required :
Power Point presentations available through the student portal (MyULg)
Process Mineralogy, M.Becker, E Wightman and C Evans (editors), JKMRC Monograph Series (2017)

Modalités d'évaluation et critères

Vous trouverez ci-dessous les modalités d'évaluation envisagées pour les examens en présentiel et à distance ainsi que celle souhaitée en cas de session hybride. En fonction de l'évolution sanitaire, la modalité choisie vous sera communiquée au plus tard un mois avant le début de la session d'examen.

80% : Written examination consisting in a series of questions relating to both a sound understanding of the underlying principles and to the proper interpretation of data collected from real case studies.
10% : Practical works handed over by students during the year (particle size analysis, image analysis,...) contribute to the final mark for 10%. The scientific rigor, clear structure and illustration as well as care taken in the presentation are essential criteria in the evaluation.
10% : Practical examination in optical ore microscopy (on site or virtual).


Remarques organisationnelles

Tout Anglais