2020-2021 / GEOL0020-7

Mineral resources

Durée

26h Th, 1j T. t., 26h Labo., 32h Proj.

Nombre de crédits

 Bachelier en sciences de l'ingénieur, orientation ingénieur civil5 crédits 
 Master : ingénieur civil des mines et géologue, à finalité spécialisée en "geometallurgy (EMERALD)" (Erasmus mundus)5 crédits 
 Master : ingénieur civil des mines et géologue, à finalité5 crédits 
 Master : ingénieur civil des mines et géologue, à finalité (Co-diplomation avec l'Université polytechnique de Madrid)5 crédits 
 Master en sciences géologiques, à finalité5 crédits 
 Master en sciences géologiques5 crédits 

Enseignant

Eric Pirard

Langue(s) de l'unité d'enseignement

Langue anglaise

Organisation et évaluation

Enseignement au premier quadrimestre, examen en janvier

Horaire

Horaire en ligne

Unités d'enseignement prérequises et corequises

Les unités prérequises ou corequises sont présentées au sein de chaque programme

Contenus de l'unité d'enseignement

  • General overview of the mineral resources sector.
  • Definitions of ore, resource, reserve.
  • Mineral production and consumption statistics.
  • General concepts of metallogeny
  • Economic Geology of:
- Deposits related to magmatic activities;
- Deposits related to hydrothermalism associated to magmas;
- Hydrothermal deposits related to sedimentary /structural features;
- Deposits formed in sedimentary/evaporitic environments;
- Detrital deposits;
- Deposits formed by superficial weathering;
- Deposits linked to metasomatism, metamorphism, diagenesis

Acquis d'apprentissage (objectifs d'apprentissage) de l'unité d'enseignement

  • Understand the diversity and complexity of the geological contexts of the main metallic ore deposits.
  • Be able to imagine the best exploration tools criteria for each kind of mineral resource
  • Be able to establish a clear link between the ore deposit type (nature) and the most appropriate excavation technique (engineering) to optimize resources
  • Understand the geopolitical context prevailing for each metallic resource and suggest possible actions to mitigate EU and regional critical dependency.
  • Plan a resource exploitation strategy to lower the impact of geological and mineralogical characteristics on the downstream mineral processing
  • Be able to gather information and communicate to the wider society the challenges of extracting resources in complex natural environments
  • Have the right background in economic geology to be a creative partner in an environmental remediation team

Savoirs et compétences prérequis

Géologie générale

Activités d'apprentissage prévues et méthodes d'enseignement

LECTURES are delivered in a classroom allowing for spontaneous interaction between professor and students. These lessons use PPT enriched with video presentations and remote sensing images to introduce the environmental and social issues faced by the mining sector.
 
Every (2h) lecture is complemented by a PRACTICAL SESSION, inviting students to manipulate and observe real samples, to question researchers and to search for professional literature. For sanitary reasons, the sample manipulation can be replaced by online visualisation of macro/micro samples using the Cytomine platform
A collection of more than 5000 samples from all over the world is available for browsing through the variety of world deposits.
  GROUPS of two students with different backgrounds/culture are formed. Each group is asked to gather and synthesize scientific and commercial literature referring to a given world class deposit currently being exploited. A poster session is organized at the end of the course to allow for interaction and peer-evaluation among students.
 
FIELD TRIP : A one day field trip is organized during the course to discover the reality of developing the extractive industry in a densely populated region. For sanitary reasons the field trip might be cancelled

Mode d'enseignement (présentiel, à distance, hybride)

Frontal instruction (2h) to explain the geological context of each deposit
Hands-on learning (2h) to manipulate samples

Face-to-face discussions and interaction with young researchers and scholars in the field
Cooperative learning including team work, realization and presentation (pitch) of a poster in front of peers

Adaptations organisationnelles liées au contexte sanitaire

Lectures recommandées ou obligatoires et notes de cours

Required:
Power Point presentations available through e-Campus
ARNDT N., GANINO Cl, KESLER St. - Metals and Society - An Introduction to Economic Geology, Springer, 2012
Recommended:
IIED, Breaking New Ground: Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development (final report of the International Institute for Environment and Development).
ROBB L. - Introduction to ore-forming processes - Blackwell, 2009

Modalités d'évaluation et critères

Vous trouverez ci-dessous les modalités d'évaluation envisagées pour les examens en présentiel et à distance ainsi que celle souhaitée en cas de session hybride. En fonction de l'évolution sanitaire, la modalité choisie vous sera communiquée au plus tard un mois avant le début de la session d'examen.

THEORY (80%): One major question relating to the mechanism of ore deposit formation and insisting on the features (size, grade, geometry, host rocks, etc.) that will impact the exploitation technique and the environment.
A series of more specific questions related to the terminology, the mineralogy and grades of various elements, the main producing regions of the world, etc.
The scientific rigor, clear structure and illustration as well as care taken in the presentation are essential criteria in the evaluation
PRACTICE (10%): Identification of ore samples. Interactive discussion on mineralogy, deposit type and main features of the mineralisation.
POSTER and pitch presentation (10%): Overall quality of the poster (structure, illustration, sources,...) and clarity of the oral presentation

Stage(s)

Remarques organisationnelles

Contacts

Mrs Rosalia FIORENTINO
Tél. : 04/366.95.27, e-mail : emerald@ulg.ac.be